. Home . Government in exile .
 
Bod/Bö
 
 
Tibet, emblem
              To 1959
 
579 - 842 Kingdom of Tibet
842 - 1244 State fragmented
1244 - 1249 Mongol Rule
1249 - 1642               Tibetan Khanate, under Mongol suzerainty until 1358
24 Sep 1720               Under Chinese suzerainty
24 Sep 1740               Kingdom of Tibet
       1750               Secular rule tranfered to the Dalai Lama, Lamarist State
24 Apr 1906               Chinese suzerainty recognised by Britain
28 Oct 1912 - 07 Oct 1950 Nominally independence
       1912               Qinghai region claimed by Tibet but adminstered by China
07 Oct 1950               Occupied by China
23 May 1951 -             Annexed by China, Tibetan Autonomous Region see here:
01 May 1960 -             Government in exile formed in India, see here:
 
Government: None, Occupied state
Capital: Lhasa
Language: Tibetan
Religion: Buddhism, Islam, Bon
National Anthem: "Gyallu"
National Emblem: Snow Lion
National Day: Dalai Lhama's Birthday, 6th July (1935).
National Motto: None
Currency: Tibetan Rupee
 
Monarchs
579-619 Yarlung, Mulong Konpa Trashi
619-649 Yarlung, Song Tsen Gampo
649-704 Yarlung, Man Song Mang-Tsen
674-704 Yarlung, Du Song Mang Po Je
704-754 Yarlung, Tri de Tsung ten
754-797 Yarlung, Tri Song De Tsen
797-800 Yarlung, Mu ne Tsen Po
800-815 Yarlung, Tri de Song Tsen
815-838 Yarlung, Tri Tsug De Tsen
838-842 Yarlung, Lang Darma
1249-1253 Sakya Pandita
1253-1280 Phagpa
1280-1282 Rinchen
1282-1287 Dharmapalrakshita
1287-1295 Yeshe Rinchen
1295-1303 Tragpa Osen
1303-1304 Richen Gyantsen
1304-1314 Dorje Pal
1314-1316 Sangye Pal
1316-1327 Kunga Lotrol
1327-1330 Kunga Lekpa Chungne
1330-1358 Kunga Gyantsen
1350 - 1364               Phagmodrupa, Tai Situ Chang Chub Gyaltsen 
1364 - 1373               Phagmodrupa, Jamyang Sakya Gyantsen
1373 - 1381               Phagmodrupa, Drakpa Chang Chub
1381 - 1385               Phagmodrupa, Sonam Tralepa
1443 - 1465               Phagmodrupa, Trakpa Chungne      
1465 - 1481               Phagmodrupa, Sangpa Gyantesen Pal Zangpo
1435 - 1466               Rinpungpa, Norzang
1466 - 1480               Rinpungpa, Kunzang
1480 - 1512               Rinpungpa, Donyo Dorje
1512 - 1550               Rinpungpa, Ngawang Namgal
1550 - 1559               Rinpungpa, Dondup Tseten Dorje
1559 - 1565               Rinpungpa, Ngawang Jigme Drakpa
1565 - 1582               Tsang, Karma Tseten
1582 - 1592               Tsang, Karma Thutob Namgyal
1582 - 1589               Tsang, Khunpang Lhawang Dorje
1592 - 1603               Tsang, Karma Temsung
1603 - 1620               Tsang, Karma Phuntso Namgye
1620 - 1642               Tsang, Karma Tenkyong 
       1642 - 14 Jan 1655 Khoshut, Güshi Khan
1656 - 1669               Khoshut, Dayan Khan
1669 - 1698               Khoshut,Gonchug Dalai Khan
1701 - 1703               Khoshut, Vangjal
       1703 - 02 Dec 1717 Khoshut, 'Lha-bzang Khan
02 Dec 1717 - 24 Sep 1720 sTag-rtse-pa lha-rgyal-rab-brtan
       1728 - 12 Mar 1747 Miwang Pholhanas Sönam Tobgye     
12 Mar 1747 - 11 Nov 1750 Gyurme Namgyle
     
Dalai Lamas
1447 - 1474               dge-dun-grub Gendun Drup I
1492 - 1542               dge-dun-rgya-mtsho Gedun Gyatso II
1578 - 1588               bsod-nams-rgya-mtsho Sonam Gyatso III
1601 - 1617               yon-tan-rgya-mtsho Yonten Gyatso IV
1642 - 1682               blo-bzang-rgya-mtsho Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso V
08 Dec 1697 - 27 Jun 1706 Rin-chen-blo-bzong-rig-'dzins-
                           tshangs-dbyangs rgya-mtsho
                            Tsang Yang Gyatso VI ............... 1683-1706
16 Oct 1720 - 22 Mar 1757 rGyal-dbang-blo-bzang-bskal-
                           bzang-rgya-mtsho Kensang Gyatso VII . 1708-1757
28 Aug 1762 - 19 Nov 1804 Blo-bzang-'jam-dpal-rgya-mtsho
                           Jampel Gyatso VIII .................. 1758-1804
05 Mar 1808 - 26 Mar 1815 Blo-bzang-lung-rtongs-rgya-mtsho
                           Luntok Gyatso IX .................... 1806-1815
06 Feb 1822 - 30 Sep 1837 Blo-bzang-tshul-khrims-rgya-mtsho
                           Tshultrim Gyatso X .................. 1816-1837
29 Sep 1841 - 31 Jan 1856 Blo-bzang-mkhas'grub-rgya-mtsho
                           Khendrup Gyatso XI .................. 1838-1856
26 Feb 1858 - 25 Apr 1875 Ngag-dbang-blo-bzang-'phrin-las-
                           rgya-mtsho Trinel Gyatso XII ........ 1856-1875    
12 Feb 1878 - 17 Dec 1933 Ngag-dbang-blo-bzang-'phrin-las-
                           rgya-mtsho Thupten Gyatso XIII ...... 1876-1933
25 Aug 1939 - 31 Mar 1959 rJe-btsun-'Jam-dpal-ngag-dbang-
                           blo-bzang-ye-shes-bstan'dzin-
                            rgya-mtsho Tenzin Gyatso XIV ....... 1935-
 

Regents

       1642 -  5 Apr 1658 sDe-srid bSod nams-chos-phel

                          (Sönam Chöphel)

19 Aug 1660 - 30 Mar 1668 gRong-smad Paphri-las-rgya-mtsho

                          (Thrinle Gyatso)

26 Sep 1669 -    Mar 1675 sDe-srid Blo-bzang-mthu-stobs

                          (Lobsang Thutob)

16 Oct 1675 - 21 Jun 1679 sDe-srid Blo-bzang-sbyin-pa

                          (Lobsang Chinpa)

14 Jul 1679 - 1703        sDe-srid sangs rgyas-rgya-mtsho

                           (Sanggye Gyatso)

1703 - 1706               sDe-srid Ngag-dbang Rin-chen

                            (Ngawang Rinchen)

   Nov 1750 - 23 Apr 1751 dGa-bzhi Pandita (acting)

23 Apr 1751 - 29 Apr 1757 Vacant

29 Apr 1757 - 01 Mar 1777 de-mo qutuqtu

                          (Demo Trulku Jampel Delek)

17 Aug 1777 - 22 Jul 1781 Nag-dban-ts'ul-krims (1st time)

                          (Tsemoling Ngawang Tsultrim)  

26 May 1789 - 28 Sep 1790 Ye-ses-blo-bzan-bstanpa'i-mong-po  

                          (Tenpai Gonpo Kindeling; 1st Time)

13 Jan      - 29 Apr 1791 Nag-dban-ts'ul-krims (2nd time)

05 Sep 1791 - 1810        Ye-ses-blo-bzan-bstanpa'i-mong-po

                          (2nd time)

09 Apr 1811 - 28 Mar 1819 Dde-mo blo-bzan-bstan-jigs-med-

                           rgya-mts'o (Demo Thubten Jigme)

30 Mar 1819 - 18 Sep 1844 Nag-dban-'jam-dpal-ts'ul-k'rims

                          (Jampel Tsultrim Tsemoling)

       1844 -    May 1845 Blo-bzang-bstan-pa'i-nyi-ma

                          (Tenpai Nyima; 7th Panchen Lama)

31 May 1845 - 01 Mar 1855 Nag-dban-ye-ses ts'ul-k'rims-

                           rgyal-mts'an (1st time)

1856 - 1862               Nag-dban-ye-ses ts'ul-k'rims-

                           rgyal-mts'an (2nd time)

   Jul 1862 - 25 Sep 1864 bSad-sgra-dban-p'yug-rgyal-po

                          (Wangchuck Gyalpo Shatra)

28 Oct 1864 - 19 Oct 1872 blo-bzan-nk'yen-rab-dban-p'yug 

                          (Khenrab Wangchuk Dedrug)

19 Oct 1872 - 08 Nov 1875 Vacant

08 Nov 1875 - 11 May 1886 Nag-dban-dpal-ldan-c'os-kyi-rgyal-

                           mts'an (Choskyi Gyaltsen Kundeling)

14 Jun 1886 - 26 Sep 1895 Nag-dban-blo-bzan-p'rin-las-rab-

                           rgyas (Demo Trinley Rabgyas)

1895 - 1913               Ganden Tripa Isomolin Rimpoch'e 

17 Dec 1933 -    Feb 1941 T'ub-bstan-'jam-dpal-ye-ses-

                           rgyal-mts'an (Jampal Yeshe)

   Feb 1941 - 17 Nov 1950 Nag-dban-gsun-rab-grub-t'ob-bstan-

                           pa'i-rgyal-mts'an

                           (Tatkra Rimpoche Ngawang Sungrab)

 

Prime Ministers

1721 - 1727               K'an-c'en-nas bSod-nams-rgyal-po

1727 - 1862               The Dalai Lama's

1862 - 1864               bSad-sgra dBan-p'yug rGyal-po

                          (Wangchuck Gyalpo Shatra)

1864 - 1907               Post abolished

1907 - 1920               Changkhyim

1907 - 1923               Paljor Dorje Shatra

1907 - 1926               Sholkhang

1926 - 1940               Silong Yakkyi Langdun

17 Nov 1950 - 23 May 1951 Lozang Tashi

 

 

 

Panchen Lamas

1385 - 1438               Khendup Gelek Pal Sangpo I

1439 - 1504               Sonam Choklang II

1505 - 1564               Wensa Lobsang Dhondup III

1570 - 1662               Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen IV

1663 - 1737               Lobsang Yeshi V

1739 - 1780               Palden Yeshi VI

1782 - 1854               Lobzang Tenpai Nyima VII

1855 - 1882               Tenpe Wangchuk VIII

1883 - 1937               Erdeni Choskyi Nyma IX

03 Jun 1949 -    Dec 1964 Lobsang Trinley Choekyi Gyaltsen X

                          (1st Time)

       1982 - 28 Jan 1989 Lobsang Trinley Choekyi Gyaltsen X 

                          (2nd Time)

14 May 1995 -             Gedhun Choekyi Nyima XI .............. 1989-

                          (Chinese prisoner)

08 Dec 1995 -             Gyancain Norbu ....................... 1990-

                          (Chinese alternitive)

 

Karmapa Lamas

1110 - 1193               Dusum Khyenpa I

1204 - 1283               Karma Pakshi II

1284 - 1339               Rangjung Dorje III

1340 - 1383               Rolpe Dorje IV

1384 - 1415               Deshin Shekpa V

1416 - 1453               Thongwa Donden VI

1454 - 1506               Chodrak Gyatso VII

1507 - 1554               Mikyo Dorje VIII

1556 - 1603               Wangchuk Dorje IX

1604 - 1674               Choying Dorje X

1676 - 1702               Yeshe Dorje XI

1703 - 1732               Changchub Dorje XII

1733 - 1797               Dudul Dorje XIII

1798 - 1868               Thekchok Dorje XIV

1871 - 1922               Khakyab Dorje XV

       1925 -    Feb 1959 Rangjung Rigpe Dorje XVI ................ 1924-1981

                          (In exile in India then US)

30 Jun 1992 -             Ogyen Trinley Dorje XVI ................. 1985-

                          (In India exile from 05 Jan 2000)

       1994 -             Trinle Thaye Dorje

                          (Dissputed)


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